Posts Tagged ‘climate change’

RAIN WATER BUTTS A FIRST STEP IN RAIN WATER HARVESTING – 4th week in September 2014

The torrential rain showers which are now a more frequent indicator of climate change in Ireland, quickly fill any regular water butt. What we really need are large enclosed rainwater harvesting tanks, preferably buried underground. However, such items are much more costly than the regular water butts which DIY stores are busy selling at the moment.

The water butts serve a useful purpose in the garden nonetheless. Watering cans are quickly filled by dipping them in rather than waiting for the tap fixture to fill a can up. The cats certainly prefer drinking the rain water from a dish rather than the mains water. It is likely than plants in the greenhouse prefer the rainwater too.

Surprisingly easy to install, these water butts come complete with stand. All that is required is a hack saw to cut the down pipe and a pliers to rig up the connection pipe.

Surprisingly easy to install, these water butts come complete with stand. All that is required is a hack saw to cut the down pipe and a pliers to rig up the connection pipe.

 

PRODUCTION OF CRUDE OIL FLAT SINCE 2005 – ARE WE READY WITH ALTERNATIVES? – 4th wk in April 2014

I am grateful to Eamon Ryan, leader of the Green Party in Ireland, An Comhaontas Glas, for a recent tweet posting about the BP Statistical Review of Crude Oil Production  2014. This is the oil industry talking about how it sees the future unfolding. Against a backdrop of a 2.8 fold increase in oil prices since 2004, the Review explains that the main 20 oil producing countries in 2004 had a 26% of world oil production. That share has now dropped to 16%.

How come this has not resulted in a global oil shortage? The Review tells us that other countries, mainly Russia, Saudi Arabia and the USA have increased production to offset this oil shortage. However the USA uses all the oil it can produce and still imports about half its oil needs on top of that.

So Europe has to hope that Russia and Saudi Arabia co-operate with the EU and continue to sell us oil, albeit on THEIR terms. If we don’t like those terms, the next most plentiful suppliers are Iran, Iraq and Libya, not the most popular holiday destinations for European holiday-makers! Hopefully the peacemakers in these countries will succeed in bringing about peace and goodwill for all concerned in this region.

If we want to take our oil buying business elsewhere, we will probably be dealing with countries where oil production is in decline like Indonesia, Algeria, UK, Norway, Mexico and Venezuela. It is a racing certainty that one day soon, (if not already,) these countries will say they have no spare oil to export.

Ironically the growing threat of runaway climate chaos can only be averted if more countries stop using most of the available oil BEFORE it runs out. This may sound like an economic death wish, but it is really, on reflection, a prescription for a future sustainable economy. Not only sustainable, but more efficient, more community self-reliant and a more competitive economy. No more easily obtained oil also means a society where human work is more valued and more affordable than oil based energy which has done much to replace human work since it economically came on the scene 150 years ago.

A Shell oil company analyst, Rhodri Owens-Jones, speaking in Dublin recently, said that by 2060 solar power will be the biggest global source of primary energy. The question I would like to see analysed is ‘has the world enough metal and other materials to make enough solar panels to replace all the oil we currently burn’? Or have we a plan, in a structured urgent way, to power down energy demand in energy hungry countries, like

Harnessing the sun's energy in Cloughjordan Eco-Village, Co. Tipperary, Ireland's largest prototype solar park to date.

Harnessing the sun’s energy in Cloughjordan Eco-Village, Co. Tipperary, Ireland’s largest prototype solar park to date.

Ireland? The Shell analyst points to 2040 being the date that global oil production goes into terminal decline, or 2030, or sooner, unless we plan our homes, cities and economies to use far less oil.

Interesting facts from the oil industry. Can Governments continue to ignore them? Learning to live, grow food and run a country without burning oil is the ultimate challenge of political leadership.

THE BIG PICTURE – U.N. PLANS TO FEED THE WORLD – FOURTH WEEK IN NOVEMBER 2009

The garden is almost on automatic in November. I am still harvesting lettuce from pots in the greenhouse along with basil. This goes well in sandwiches with tomatoes grown by Matt Foley in nearby Rush. Outside, parsley, sage, rosemary, kale, leaf beet and cabbage are going strong. Brussel sprouts are coming right while the chives and mint are dying back for the winter.

However, my job as Food Minister took me away for a couple of days recently to represent Ireland at the UN Food andAgriculture Organisation ‘World Summit on Food Security 2009’ in floodless, crisp and sunny Rome. I met with farmers from Africa, South America and Asia aswell as Europe, New Zealand, Australia and the USA, not to mention representatives from 65 governments.

Minister Sargent addresses the FAO Conference in Rome

I discussed farming and food with fellowministers from Cuba, Finland, Mozambique, Syria, France, Germany, Italy, Hungary, New Zealand, USA, Norway, Japan, Canada, UK, Switzerland and my EU Green Party colleague, the Deputy Agriculture Minister in the ‘Ceské Republiky’, Jirí Urban, (he says ‘just call me George’!).  Colonel Gadaffi, Robert Mugabe, Silvio Berlisconi and the Pope were about but our paths did not cross except in news reports!

There was not much to be proud of  for world leaders at this summit. In 1996 the world agreed to halve the number of hungry people to 400 million by 2015. Clearly the  strategy is not working. The number of people going to bed with hunger pains each night is now over one billion, one in every six people worldwide.

Many of the poorer farmers I spoke with are saying that their food security is getting worse because corporations and wealthier countries are buying up the land they have traditionally farmed. Essentially agricultural colonies are being acquired by the ‘Mother Country’ so the rich at home can be kept food secure at the expense of the poor abroad.  This land is often used to grow genetically modified soya or palm oil to make biofuel. Those smallholder farmers generally become wage slaves on these corporate farms paid low wages to buy whatever food is affordable and available on the open market.

What these farmers want is to have their right to food sovereignty upheld. Sovereignty is about having not just enough food, but having the means to provide for one’s food needs. For them food security is not an adequate objective. Looking for food sovereignty is too radical for most of the countries who pay for the upkeep of the United Nations. Radical or not, it is obvious that the current strategy is not radical enough. The progress to even halve the number of malnourished people is going backwards at present. Log on to the websites  www.fao.org or www.1billionhungry.org for more information.

Meanwhile the dynamic approach I called for at the World Food Summit was to assist directly smallholder farmers, especially the many overlooked woman farmers,  so they can be viable food producers for their communities. Unless we can reverse the flight from the land to large urban centres and get more people growing and producing food, then all this talk will do very little other than make climate change worse!

I spoke at the workshops in Rome too. One about ‘Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation‘ heard the Indian Government spell out the effect of a 2 degree temperature rise. This would mean a loss of 12 million tonnes from the Indian wheat harvest. The polar ice-caps (what is left of them) are showing 3-5 degree rises in temperature there.

In other words we need the food, but we need to minimise our emissions of greenhouse gases to produce it. This is why helping smallholders is also important. Ecological and organic farming emits less greenhouse gases and is also more drought and flood tolerant. Local food systems which reduce food miles are badly needed too. Put simply, the world needs more people growing more food for themselves, their families and their communities.

Mikhail Gorbachev writing in The Examiner recently told us to forget the Berlin Wall. The ‘wall’ all of us must now tear down is CLIMATE CHANGE. He wrote ‘we need a circuit-breaker to escape from the busines-as-usual approach. We live in hope with the Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen around the corner. Meanwhile, let us resolve to encourage EVERY  activity which brings our world closer to global food security and local food sovereignty. No farm, smallholding, window box is too small, no person is too busy, no weather is too bad to make a contribution to feeding the world – starting with yourself!